Higher intake of sweetened fruit drinks, soda could hurt kidney health, a new community-based study found. Sweet- sweetened beverages pattern was associated with a higher risk of developing chronic kidney disease (CKD) in that study which involved African-American adults in Mississippi.
The study was published in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (CJASN). Previous studies have shown a link between certain beverages and kidney impact, but actual evidence was not found. Now, Casey Rebholz Ph.D., MS, MNSP, MPH (Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health) along with colleagues followed 3003 African-American men and women with kidney function.
The team analyzed these participants’ intake of beverage through a questionnaire at the start of the study in 2000-04 then followed them until 2009-13.
The researchers found that during follow-up of 8 years, 185 (6%) participants developed CKD. Moreover, consumption of beverage including soda, sweetened fruit drinks, and water was associated with greater risk of CKD developing. The results were surprising as water such as flavored and sweetened water was linked with a higher risk of CKD.
“While a few select U.S. cities have successfully reduced SSB sugar-sweetened beverage consumption via taxation, all other municipalities have resisted public health efforts to lower SSB consumption,” Holly Kramer, MD, MPH and David Shoham, Ph.D. (Loyola University Chicago) said adding “This cultural resistance to reducing SSB consumption can be compared to the cultural resistance to smoking cessation during the 1960s after the Surgeon General report was released. During the 1960s, tobacco use was viewed as a social choice and not a medical or social public health problem.”