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The electrician is a worker belonging to the construction sector, so he is a building professional who can have various missions ranging from installation to maintenance of an electrical network. Many trades are associated with this activity, which increases the possibilities for any apprentice wishing to make a career.
If you are interested in this profession, this guide gives you the essentials to know about the profession, you will also discover the training courses that allow you to access it, the skills required to exercise it, the salary and possible developments in the sector. .
Description of the profession of electrician
The electrician is a building technician responsible for installing the electrical system. Its field of intervention is very wide, because its expertise is required on all types of sites. This concerns an industrial construction, a residential project, as well as a business. Thus, its main missions are:
- The installation of cables, cabinets and electrical outlets according to a precise plan
- Establishing connections between the different equipment installed
- Maintaining electrical appliances in good working order
His functions are diverse and vary according to the nature of the project requiring his skills, while knowing that in an increasingly connected world, the stakes are high for an efficient electrician. These can thus lead him to work on very complex sites (home automation installation for example). It can also be requested for a renovation aimed at correcting and bringing a previous installation up to safety standards.
What studies / training to become an electrician?
If you do not have the BAC, know that a Cap Électricien already allows access to this profession. It is prepared in a technical high school or an Apprentice Training Center from the year following the 3rd class. There are two options for this training: Preparation and Realization of Electrical and Electrotechnical Works, Electrical Installations and Equipment.
Other courses are also available, in particular the professional journeyperson’s certificate in electrical equipment installer. There is also the professional qualification certificate or CQP electrician assembler installer low currents. The other route to get there is to have a Bac. Here, we must distinguish three levels.
First, you have the BAC level, with a BAC pro MELEC / electricity trades and its connected environments. The other possibilities are the Professional Certificate (BP) Electrician or a BTM installer in electrical equipment. The second level is a BAC + 1 in MC (Complementary Mention) Technician in renewable energies, with two options: thermal or electrical energy. The last level is a specialized BAC + 2 with a BTS FED / home automation energy fluids or a BTS in electrical engineering.
What skills are required to be an electrician?
To be an electrician, it is essential to have certain qualities, among these are mainly self-discipline and skill. The first is important, because the technician must be aware of the dangers associated with his work, it is a demanding profession which requires both thoroughness and precision. It is for his own safety and that of those around him. Also, a competent electrician should have a good knowledge of safety standards and the laws of physics.
As the worker is called upon to work on various types of projects, he should have a good interpersonal skills. This will serve him well for communicating on construction sites with various other service providers, but also for servicing his various customers. He must also be comfortable with numbers and have an analytical mind essential to make relevant diagnoses. Therefore, he must be familiar with the technology of electrical equipment and be in excellent physical condition.
What is the salary of an electrician?
Generally, construction companies hire novice electricians. Thus, according to their different aptitudes, their gross monthly salary could vary between 1,400 and 1,800 euros. A worker with less than 5 years of work is considered as a beginner. Thus, such a salary is in the minimum wage bracket as a beginner.
A worker with more experience or a team leader can claim higher remuneration. Depending on the company that employs him, his salary can be around 2,300 euros per month. This is equivalent to a gross annual income of 27,000 to 28,000 euros per year. Note that this amount can reach or even exceed double if the worker has many years of experience.
For a self-employed electrician, income depends mainly on the projects on which he engages, the number of his customers and his reputation. What is certain is that such a professional can earn much more money than an employee, 3000 to 4000 euros per month.
What are the possible evolutions in this profession?
There are many development prospects for an electrician. In addition to the possibility of establishing himself as a self-employed person, he can specialize in specific branches of activity such as home automation or photovoltaics. As another possibility, he can turn to the installation of telecom network or outright change sector by investing in security (video surveillance).