To date, 178 zoonoses, diseases that animals can transmit to humans have been discovered around the world. While some, like rabies, are on the way out, many others are not.
Faithful companion of man, the dog could also be a source of disease for those around him, especially children.
Diseases that a dog can transmit to a child
Faithful companions of men since the dawn of time, dogs can still transmit diseases, more or less serious, especially to children who are more in contact with them. You can learn more by visiting a dog advice site.
There are for example:
Giardia is an intestinal parasite found in the faeces of infected dogs. It is transmitted by any element that has been in contact with these contaminated faeces. Giardiasis causes attacks of diarrhea, gas, abdominal pain, large stools and nausea in humans.
In children, the disease can cause severe dehydration to the point of requiring hospitalization. Symptoms usually last two to six weeks and are likely to lead to major complications.
It is one of the common zoonoses that children contract from dogs. Fungal infection, it is manifested by a rash in the shape of a circle on the skin causing itching.
This infection, which can proliferate through items in the house such as bedding, clothing and furniture, is also transmitted from human to human.
It is one of the most serious zoonoses. With a very high risk of mortality, rabies is transmitted through the saliva of domestic animals, especially felines. An infected dog can pass rabies to your child while they playfully lick their face, or their hands with small cuts or sores.
The disease attacks the central nervous system and can lead to death if not treated urgently.
This bacteria is naturally present in the oral flora of the dog. Even if it does not cause disease in dogs, transmitted to humans through a bite, it causes inflammation of the infected area.
If not treated in time, the disease can lead to vascular disorders, tendonitis, etc.
It is caused by a microscopic parasite transmitted from dogs to humans by the bite of a gnat. While the latter can be mild in most men, people with low immunity could develop the disease. This is manifested by great fatigue, weight loss and repeated bouts of fever..
What precautions should be taken ?
If you have a dog, make sure your children wash their hands regularly, especially after having fun with the dog. You need to get into the habit of cleaning your house floor, furniture and other household items like clothes, bedding, etc. with great care. This is all the more important if your dog has been ill.
You should not neglect visits to the vet. It is also necessary to avoid improvising veterinarian, to ensure the cleanliness of the faithful companion. Any bites or scratches should be washed off with plenty of water and followed by consultation with a doctor.