Today, the question of preservation of the planet or the environment is becoming more and more worrying. Among the factors that can help in this direction, the protection of the oceans occupies an important place. It starts with simple good habits such as more conscientious consumption fishes. So, do you want to know which fish to eat so as not to harm the planet? This article answers you.
What are the best ways to choose fish?
You must know how to choose your fish in order to participate in saving the planet. For this, you must make your choice according to thespecies and take into account the fishing mode.
Choose according to the species
The choice of species fish also takes into account three different points that you will need to watch out for. The first deals with endangered species, the second with contaminated species and finally, the place of life.
Usually you are called to avoid endangered species as shark, bluefin tuna, pomegranate, black scabbard, halibut, … Also try to reduce the consumption of large predators such as the cod where the tropical tuna. Diversify the species you consume so that the effects of fishing do not weigh on a slice of species.
The fact is that in France, the most consumed species are cod, shrimp and salmon. Make sure you now vary your fish menus, in particular to reduce the pressure exerted on these species.
The various kinds of pollution also weigh on marine species, causing fish to consume heavy metals. Large species and predators are particularly affected by this scourge. This is for example the pike, tuna, shark…
To come to place of life, estimating the population of a marine species remains complex for the simple reason that it may be abundant in one area and not at all in another. In order to help you find yourself better, you can consult the guide providing information on the species to consume according to the fishing location offered by WWE.
In addition, it is essential to lend a particular attention to the breeding period fishes. You must therefore be careful not to buy a species during this period, and not to buy juveniles either. For this, you will only have to ask your fishmonger. For more convincing actions, the ideal is to promote local fishing. For sea bass, for example, this period goes from mid-March to the end of September.
Take into account the fishing mode
For the preservation of the planet, you should privilege fish from line or trap fishing. There are indeed destructive fishing methods like the bottom trawling or fish aggregating devices. The latter cause significant damage to fish species. It is therefore advisable to ban the consumption of fish caught using one or other of these techniques. To be sure of the method used for catching the proposed fish, always talk to your fishmonger and ask him.
For canned tuna, select those (the cans) indicating that the fish is obtained from a peach with a seine or a rod without DCP. If, on the other hand, you do not read any indication on the box, you should be wary. This is not a good sign. You can always look to to consult the ranking of the main brands of canned tuna.
Remember moreover, the choice of fishing method could be more decisive than that of the species. In clear terms, for example, prefer the consumption of yellowfin caught without DCP at the consumption of skipjack under DCP. It is true that the latter species is less subject to overexploitation, but understand that favoring a good fishing method is crucial.
In general, you will need to favor unprocessed fish, artisanal fishing products, fresh products. Short circuits are more and more available to allow you to easily find local fishing products such as:
- Albacore tuna from pole-and-line vessels from the Basque Country
- Cod from the Iroise sea from the Breton and Norman fisheries
- Row sea bass from the French coast
You can also sensitize your fishmonger by encouraging it, for example, to offer more fish from sustainable fisheries.
Are farmed fish really dangerous?
Aquaculture often has negative consequences on the marine ecosystem. In fact, most farmed fish contain POP, a substance that is said to be harmful to human health. The latter have a greater concentration of this element than wild fish. This is due to the food offered to these fish. Food that contains fish oil.
However, studies have shown that these fish can be eaten. Indeed, analyzes or experiments carried out have shown that the concentration of POPs in these farmed fish was lower than that which could cause harm to the human organism. Also in this direction, tests of consumption of these fish were carried out on dozens of people to determine possible effects on the body. No effect considerable on the concentration in POP or blood mercury was noted after months of consuming these fish.
What about the labels to guarantee the quality of the fish?
There are several labels in the fishing world. The latter can undertake to respect criteria such as environmental, social and / or economic. Their main mission is to help you make the best fish choices while ensuring quality. In your supermarket or hypermarket as well as at your fishmonger’s, most likely to meet are:
- “Friend of the Sea”: it labels fish and seafood from fisheries that respect marine or farm stocks. This label guarantees adapted fishing techniques with less impact on the ecosystem
- “Aquaculuture Stewardship Council” : this label the farmed fish and ensures a responsible diet of fish
- “French flag” : this label ensures sea fishing carried out under optimal conditions by a French flag vessel
- “Best Aquaculture Practices” : this is a label certifying responsible aquaculture, animal health, food safety, respect for the environment, etc.
- “Dolphin Safe”: it labels seafood from fishing methods that reduce the catch of dolphins in the nets
- “ Artysanal “: this label makes it possible to recognize products from artisanal and responsible fisheries. It bears witness to harmless fishing for the fish species and respects the environment. It also takes care of the living conditions of fishermen.
Planet Earth and the ecosystem are in peril. It is therefore important to opt for the right actions that will leave a better world for future generations.