The criminal record is a document which summarizes the offenses and convictions of a person pronounced by the justice. However, some still wonder why and how to have such a document. There are several reasons why you need to have your criminal record. Likewise, to return to its possession, you just have to contact certain services indicated.
How do I get my criminal record?
The process to obtain your criminal record is very simple and completely free. To do this, you have several options. First, you can do it online through the government site. In this case, you will need an email address and you will be required to enter your information on the site. Details pertaining to your request will be sent to your email address.
Otherwise, you can do so by sending a letter to which you will attach a copy of your identity card. This letter will be sent to the criminal records service based in Nantes. Finally, you can make your request by fax by sending a copy of your identity document to the national criminal records service. You can reach them on 02 51 89 89 18. For more information, you can find out everything in detail on www.service-casier-judiciaire.fr.
Who can ask you for your criminal record?
The criminal record can be requested by several people. It is mandatory when applying for positions in certain fields. Among these are the areas of security and social protection.
In addition to these areas, employers in other areas of work may request criminal records. Their objective is to find out if the candidate has not been involved in cases of violence, fraud and the like.
In addition, during commercial transactions or contract signing before the notary, the latter has the obligation to request the criminal record of the purchaser. Apart from these cases, a criminal record may be requested in several other circumstances where it will be necessary to know your criminal record.
Can I refuse to provide my criminal record?
The refusal to provide your criminal record depends on several conditions and the situation. For example in France, checking a person’s criminal record during their job interview is only allowed under certain conditions. So, if it is during a hiring, you have the possibility of refusing according to the circumstance.
But when establishing certain authentic acts or administrative documents before the legal authorities, you cannot refuse to provide your criminal record. Your refusal will result in your actions not being established. These are rules established by law and must be respected.
In fact, you have the option of refusing to provide your criminal record in certain circumstances. However, other circumstances do not give you the option of opting out. It is therefore advisable to consult the texts or a legal expert in each case in order to know your possibilities of action.
Who has a criminal record in France?
All French residents and those who have this nationality have a criminal record in France. The criminal record is like all other civil status documents. It is a document kept in the automated register and managed by the National Judicial Records service of the Ministry of Justice.
It contains all the information on convictions and offenses committed by individuals and noted by the courts in France. But when you haven’t done anything as a crime, it’s empty.
However, as soon as you commit a crime, it is directly incorporated into it. To have a clean criminal record, then you must not commit offenses. Thus, any person legally residing in France can make the request and have his criminal record.
What are the different criminal records?
In terms of criminal records you can find three types depending on the degree of the offense committed. The bulletin you receive also depends on the record request made.
It includes all the sanctions or decisions pronounced against a person by the administrative or legal authorities. It is the most comprehensive newsletter. Its content is deleted only after your death. In addition, only the judicial authorities can obtain it.
It contains the same information as No. 1 except for a few convictions and decisions. Some elements of this bulletin are deleted after a while and others after your death. Only public services and some private employers can acquire it.
This is the smallest with only your most serious convictions. Some elements of this bulletin are deleted after a while and the rest after your death. It is the only newsletter that you are entitled to obtain.