Poultry farming is an activity requiring the preliminary realization of a study in order to know the resources to be committed to do so. It also gives an idea of the space required to house the poultry. Indeed, animals must feel good in their environment in order to thrive. So, which surface should you choose for raising chickens?
The hen is an outdoor animal
The hen is a type of bird in the order of Galliformes, a fowl that is the easiest to set up. Its scientific name is Gallus Gallus domesticus. It is a biped whose body is covered with feathers. Depending on the species, there are different plumages and different colors of hen. It is raised in a barnyard or hen house, usually for its meat or eggs.
There are several types of hens depending on the target breeding objective. For example, if you want to raise them for their meat, broilers are the most suitable. By cons, if you prioritize getting chicken eggs, make the choice of laying. The diet differs for each of these categories, as well as the mode of reproduction. Some hens, especially layers, do not need a rooster to lay eggs.
The environment in which chickens like to live protects them from heat, drafts and humidity. However, they are not reluctant to walk in the open air to peck or scratch the earth. In addition, they have a lifespan of up to 12 years.
How much space per hen?
The area that a hen can use in the barnyard is an important factor in the process of setting up a chicken coop.
A shelter adapted to the number of hens
The area in m2 to move into your chicken coop depends on a few essential criteria. Among these is the number of hens you plan to raise. Whether the starting data relates to this number or to the breeding area available, your animals must have the minimum space required for their well-being. For this, it is recommended a base area of 0.5 m2 for the dormitory and 1 m2 for their walk. This equates to a total of 1.5 m2 per hen.
The space to be chosen must necessarily be adapted to the number of hens it can contain. If you plan to raise two, you will need a minimum space of 3 m2 in total. If, on the other hand, there are 4 hens, you will need 6 m2 to house them. The surface will be determined according to the number of animals.
How much space is there outside the shelter?
Ideally, you should plan in the facilities for raising the hens, a space outside the shelter reserved for them. This will allow the animals to enjoy a certain freedom in everyday life and living. They will be able to easily frolic and move in the environment which would thus be defined for them.
This precaution makes it possible to have empty spaces that can easily be regenerated at all times during the breeding season. Droppings and droppings from reared animals will not clutter up the breeding space and will not allow free entry for parasites. For this, you can prepare 15 to 20 m2 per hen outside the breeding shed.
The risks of too small a space
In general, animal husbandry is a production system that does not consume as much space as plant production, for example. However, for the good conduct of pastoral activity, it is recommended not to provide too small a space for the cultivated species.
Thus, we protect ourselves from several disturbances or inconveniences that would affect the survival or good growth of the species raised. In other words, you can reduce or avoid the risks of upsetting the normal development of the breeding considered. Animals are less stressed and parasites, which love small or confined spaces, will no longer be able to develop strongly.
Moreover, the problems of lack of food do not arise. There would be enough space for each hen to find enough to fill their stomachs without much difficulty. The ground is less saturated with animal droppings and offers more comfort to the hens which are on it. The hens bump into each other less and the risk of pecking is also minimized at the same time.
The best places to install a chicken coop
Sometimes just raising chickens in a given area seems to be a waste of area for some. Very often when not intensive, the returns are not as great and do not always cover the investments. Because of this, some places are more recommended than others for raising chickens. The impressions of wasted space are reduced and the gains from breeding are greater.
So opt for locations such as orchards to raise your chickens. The latter will benefit from the greenery and shade of the fruit trees and will provide them with more fertilizers through the droppings. Hens also offer more protection to plants by ridding them of pests that they like to taste by pecking.